A Small Car or Compact Cars are larger than a sub-compact car but smaller than mid-size car. SUVs also based on small family cars have similar sizes, ranging from 4200 mm to 4500 mm in the US.
In Japan, any vehicle over 3.2 m long, 1,48m wide, 2 m high and with an engine over 660cc. Common engines are 1.5 to 2.4-litre straight-4s, using either petrol or diesel fuel with a range between 100 hp and 170 hp. High performance vehicles called hot hatches or compact sedans, have turbocharged 2.0 or 2.5-litre engines.
Small European cars include Ford Focus, Vauxhall/Opel Astra, Audi A3, BMW 1 Series, Alfa Romeo Guilietta, Fiat Bravo, Lancia Delta, Mercedes-Benz A-Class, Volvo V40, Skoda Octavia and some other models.
In the US, the compact car segment holds a 16% share of the market.
In 2012, GM launched the Buick Verano and Chrysler launched the new Dodge Dart. Both models were more popular in Europe.
During 1960, compact cars were the smallest car of North American cars. Smaller version car evolved into 6-cylinder or V8-powered 2-bench 6-passenger sedan. Early 1970s, the domestic car makers introduced smaller sub-compact cars included AMC Gremlin, Chevrolet Vega, and Ford Pinto.